Geological potential of antimony, bauxite, fluorite, and magnesite of the Central Dinarides (Bosnia and Herzegovina): exploration and exploitation perspective

Main Article Content

Sibila Borojević Šoštarić
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1861-2470
Anže Markelj
Eldar Jašarević
Angelika Haindl

Abstract

This paper presents the critical raw materials (CRM) potential of antimony, bauxite, fluorite, and magnesite deposits in Bosnia and Herzegovina, discusses their metallogeny and jointed geological features, and explains the methodology of the InvestRM application and evaluation criteria for the selected commodities in the following steps: (1) preparation of the geological data templates, (2) evaluation and verification of the geological data, (3) ranking of deposits according to geological data relating to quality and quantity, and (4) identification of the 10+ perspective deposits. Existing geological datasets shows the existence of significant potential in primary CRM such as bauxite (56 Mt), magnesite (4 Mt), and antimony (0.2 Mt) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). The geological settings of BiH provide favorable metallogenetic conditions primarily for bauxite and magnesite deposits but also for antimony within polymetallic deposits, while fluorspar is rather rare. Our herein described methodology led to the selection of the fourteen prosperous deposits for further geological prospection and investment: polymetallic antimony deposits Čemernica and Podhrusanj, antimony fields Srebrenica and Rupice; magnesite fields Kladanj, Banja Luka, Teslić and Novi Šeher and bauxite regions Vlasenica-Srebrenica, Grmeč Mountain deposits in Una-Sana region and South Bosnia regions from Posušje to Trebinje. A basic economic calculation based on the world producer ranking and a self-sustainability and economic contribution assessment shows that further investments in geological exploration and mining of antimony, magnesite, and bauxite CRM could place BiH on the list of important producers of these commodities in Europe.

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Review Papers
Author Biographies

Sibila Borojević Šoštarić, Faculty of Mining Geology and Petroleum Engineering, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Departmen of Geology

Institute of Mineralogy and Petrology 

Anže Markelj, Geology Survey of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Department for Regional geology

Eldar Jašarević, Mining Institute Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Scientific Research Center for Geology, Geotechnics and Civil Engineering

References

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