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Detailed geochemical and U-Pb studies of two diabases (Luoji and Cuiyi) from the Luoji area have been undertaken. The diabases are high-K calc-alkaline and belonging to the tholeiitic series, enriched in large ion lithophile elements, Ti, Zr and light rare earth elements, and depleted in high field strength elements. These characteristics are different from the oceanic island basalt but highly consistent with the continental rift basalt, indicating the Luoji and Cuiyi diabases are the products of the intracontinental rift related to the initial opening of the Ganzi-Litang Ocean. The Luoji and Cuiyi diabases originated from an enriched mantle source with a small degree of crustal contamination during their emplacement. Zircon U-Pb ages show that the Luoji and Cuiyi diabases were emplaced at 293.4±5.4Ma. Therefore, we propose that the time of initial rifting of the Ganzi-Litang Ocean occurred during the very Early Permian.
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